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Feature Interview-Darren Aronofsky

Interview conducted by Stephen Applebaum from Netribution.Co.Uk concerning Darren Aronofsky's "Pi" "Requiem For A Dream" "Proteus" and "Batman: Year One."

What sort of pressure were you under going into this project after the success of Pi?

I try to just worry about the movies and not the expectations. If I was worried about expectations, no way I could have made Requiem for a Dream. I make choices by choosing the road that has the least amount of potential regrets; the opposite of that is choosing the road that has the most passion. In this case it was just an obvious choice: this was something I knew I wanted to do no matter how it turned out. Iím glad people are responding to it; but even if they hadnít, I probably would have been fine.

This material and your execution meant that people were going to respond to it one way or another.

It's great because you want to make people feel immensely. People that don't like it, I've been so flattered by the poetry they use to attack me because it means I've created something positive in getting them to look up some adjectives in the dictionary.

Are you making films like this and Pi now, in this anti Hollywood vein, because Hollywood wonít allow you to make them like this later?

Well, no one will ever let me make another movie (Laughs). But if they do, I just have a real taste for all types of film: art film, European film, Hollywood film, Hong Kong film Ö So my dream career is to be able to go back and forth between doing Hollywood films and more experimental films.

Kind of one for them and one for you.

Hopefully all for me. I think I have enough of an interest in Hollywood that that's not the issue. I actually love those movies. I saw Charlie's Angels and I thought it was awesome. I thought it was hilarious and great. I wouldnít have a hard time doing that as long as I could come back and do a Requiem for a Dream every now and then.

What kind of films were being offered to you after Pi?

There was a lot of stuff. The main contender we were working on is this movie for Miramax. It was at Dimension. It was a World War 2 monster movie called Proteus. Weíre actually now producing it. Itís going to be made here in London, February/March, with David Twohy (Pitch Black) directing it.

What did you specifically want to achieve with Requiem?

Requiem for a Dream was always all about wanting to capture the power of Selbyís writing. When you finish a Selby book, you have a fist imprint right beneath the solar plexus. I just wanted to capture that energy. Basically, the way I read Selby, I wanted to try and present that to an audience and share that experience.

You actually collaborated with him on the screenplay. How did that work?

It was cool. He lives in LA and I live in New York so it was long distance. I read the book, I acquired it Ė he had written a screenplay of it for a producer like 20 years ago Ė and I started writing. Then, when I got about two-thirds of the way done, he called up and said heíd found his draft in his mumís basement. It turned out that about eighty per cent of the screenplay he wrote was exactly the same as the screenplay I wrote. It was slightly different, of course, but the scenes were exactly the same. So I fused them together and then went back forth and traded notes. That was the collaboration.

I wondered because you have said that when you were working on Pi, the writing process was the hardest part for you.

It always is. It just sucks. Iím in a room alone with a typewriter. I have a hard time doing it.

Is the filming process therefore a relief for you in as much as you can get out there with other people?

Not really. It is still very difficult and hard and challenging, but itís working with people and I really like working with actors and playing emotions like a harpsichord.

Like Pi, Requiem is concerned with altered states and takes place in its charactersí minds. What attracts you to this kind of filmmaking?

What Iím fascinated in doing on film right now is making a subjective exploration of a personís reality. The reason we watch movies, I think, is so that we can go on a trip with someone else -- usually, hopefully, someone like Julia Roberts. But if, as a director, you can take that a step further and actually try to have the audience enter the mind of a character on a more visceral level, then, I think, it becomes a more intense experience.

It is the darker aspect of the psyche that you appear to be interested in. Why?

Isn't that all there is?

I think it's probably the more interesting aspect, but I don't think that's all there is.

I just think thereís more unhappy people on the planet than there is happy people. To feel good about yourself and feel good about your world, you have to go through a lot of darkness. Just look at the planet: it's a pretty fucking fucked-up place.

Does that come more from observation or personal experience?

I definitely felt it. Everyoneís felt it, be it being teased in the school yard or whatever.

Would any of this be connected to your Jewishness?

I'm sure itís somewhat connected, but Iím sure that everyone on the planet feels that way. There's an added level of alienation when youíre a Jew just because you never quite belong. Even if youíre assimilated you can never trust because of the history of everything thatís gone down in the last few thousand years. So I think the alienation of that comes through in some of the work. I grew up in New York where thereís a large Jewish population but you feel it anyway somewhat.

The theme of paranoia connects this film to Pi. How do you connect with that theme yourself?

The first initial thought with Pi was always about making a film about a paranoid schizophrenic. I became pretty much a student of it so I probably brought a lot of that to the material.

The theme of obsession is obviously central to Requiem. Do you see yourself as an obsessive?

Yes, Iím very obsessive. If you werenít making films, where would another outlet for your obsession be?

I donít know, I never was obsessive about anything until filmmaking came along. It was the first thing that kept me awake at night. So I donít know where it would have ended up. Probably on my kids, if I had kids. Raising kids I probably would have been like Sara Goldfarb (the character played by Ellen Burstyn), just totally giving too much love.

How exacting are you on set in terms of what you want?

Iím pretty relaxed these days. I used to be like Woody Woodpecker: I used to run around like that redheaded woodpecker trying to do everything. Now I try to be focused but also to have a good time.

You use a lot quick-fire editing in this film, particularly in the drug-taking scenes. Where does that come from and what was the intent?

We call it the Ďhip hop montagesí, and I think it comes from growing up in Brooklyn in the 80's listening to hip hop music. Thereís been hip hop art, graffiti, hip hop music, rap, and hip hop dance, but there hasnít been any films that used hip hop techniques to help tell story. We use quick images and sounds to help push the narrative forward.

You use also employ split screen to show that even in the most intimate of moments, your characters are separate existentially. Thatís quite a negative view of relationships.

Well thatís the exact point of it. If they were to deal with their presence and really be present, as opposed to being addicted to each other, then maybe they could change their lives. The fact theyíre separated is what keeps them apart.

Do you see this around you as well? It always strikes me that no matter how close you get to someone, we are all still trapped within our own consciousness and therefore separate.

Iím not sure yet. Iím still thinking about that question. Itís one of the big ones.< God, I hope not. Iím a romantic and I hope what itís about is those times when you do connect Ė when sex is right, when you make children, when youíre in love. Thatís sort of what itís about. I mean love is about surrendering your own ego and your own self to someone else. Sure you can die being out of love, you can be born out of love, but I think the reason people relate to Romeo and Juliet so deeply is because those people die in love. So did they really die for themselves or for each other? The fact that intellectually and emotionally we get that so deeply, means thereís some truth to it.

The theme of addition in the film appears to be part of a critique of consumerist culture.

Well I think when Selby says Requiem for a Dream, heís talking about the American Dream, which he calls the great opiate of the masses. Heís basically talking about how so many people chase that as a pipe dream and thatís what ends up destroying them.

Turning to your cast, they really give their all in this film. How did you go about gaining their trust?

Trust is just time and communication. Letting them know you, explaining to them what you're doing, no surprises, except where they help the performances, especially not with emotionally revealing stuff. We spent about a month rehearsing the actors and that helped a lot.

What kind of surprises did you spring to help the performances? Surely nothing could surprise Ellen Burstyn after working with William Friedkin on The Exorcist.

You know, with Ellen she wanted me to scare her. When the fridge jumps she wanted us to scream. So I started screaming, then I got the DP to scream with me, then I got the whole crew to scream. Then I got a megaphone and I screamed. I wasnít really scaring her -- a loud noise would just make the twitch a little bit more real, and I came up with different ways to do that.

Itís great to see her in the film because I donít think we see enough of her these days. What made you hit upon her for the role?

To tell you the truth it was a little bit luck. I always knew she was a great, great actor, but because of all the ageism and sexism out there I hadnít seen her since the late Seventies in a major role. I didnít realise what I was getting.

Why was it so important for you to keep the final sex scene in as is? You got the NC-17 rating but you werenít going to compromise at all.

It wasnít so much the sexuality that was the problem but more the psychological intensity of the three-minute climax of the film. Personally, I like the controversy because I think it attracts the right audience to the movie. This isnít your normal film, and I donít want normal audiences to come. I want people that have a hunger for something different.

Finally, whatís happening with Batman 5?

I have been hired to write it, and potentially direct it. I also have another film set up at Warner Bros, an untitled film that I have been pitching as a post-Matrix metaphysical science-fiction movie.

What do you want to bring to the franchise most?

Everything youíve seen up this point, throw it out. Weíll be completely different.

Do you have any anxieties about working in the mainstream?

I have a lot of caution, but Iím excited too. It will be fun to work on that level.

Pi and Requiem for a Dream are so much your vision, how do you think thatís going to work in the mainstream?

Weíll see. Iím just concerned about getting the right movie made.